Robust Hamiltonicity of random directed graphs

Asaf Ferber, Rajko Nenadov, Andreas Noever, Ueli Peter, Nemanja Škorić

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In his seminal paper from 1952 Dirac showed that the complete graph on n≥3 vertices remains Hamiltonian even if we allow an adversary to remove ⌊n/2⌋ edges touching each vertex. In 1960 Ghouila-Houri obtained an analogue statement for digraphs by showing that every directed graph on n≥3 vertices with minimum in- and out-degree at least n/2 contains a directed Hamilton cycle. Both statements quantify the robustness of complete graphs (digraphs) with respect to the property of containing a Hamilton cycle.A natural way to generalize such results to arbitrary graphs (digraphs) is using the notion of local resilience. The local resilience of a graph (digraph) G with respect to a property P is the maximum number r such that G has the property P even if we allow an adversary to remove an r-fraction of (in- and out-going) edges touching each vertex. The theorems of Dirac and Ghouila-Houri state that the local resilience of the complete graph and digraph with respect to Hamiltonicity is 1/2. Recently, this statements have been generalized to random settings. Lee and Sudakov (2012) proved that the local resilience of a random graph with edge probability p=ω(log n/n) with respect to Hamiltonicity is 1/2±o(1). For random directed graphs, Hefetz, Steger and Sudakov (2014) proved an analogue statement, but only for edge probability p=ω(log n/n). In this paper we significantly improve their result to p=ω(log8 n/n), which is optimal up to the polylogarithmic factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Combinatorial Theory, Series B
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Directed Hamilton cycle
  • Local resilience
  • Random digraphs

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