Robot-crawler: statically balanced gaits

Subramaniam Parasuraman, Jin Hang Foo, M K A Ahamed Khan

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    Abstract

    This paper presents a new statically balanced walking technique for a robot-crawler. The gait design and the control of the robot crawler aim to achieve stability while walking. This statically balanced gait has to be designed in a different fashion to a wheeled robot, as there are discrete changes in the support of the robot when its legs are lifted or placed on the ground. The stability of the robot depends on how the legs are positioned relative to the body and also on the sequence and timing with which the legs are lifted and placed. In order to reduce the risk of stability loss while walking, a measure for the robot stability (so-called stability margin) is typically used in the gait and motion planning. In this paper different biological behaviours of four-legged animals are studied and mapped on a quad-legrobot-crawler. Experiments were carried out on the forward walking gaits of lizards and horses. Based on these results, the stability margins of different gaits are discussed and compared.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1 - 9
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems
    Volume9
    Issue number231
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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