Risk Factors for Glaucoma in a Cohort of Patients with Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocyclitis

Jason T. Toniolo, Anthony J. Hall, Jennifer G. Smith, Jaime Levy, Lyndell L. Lim

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the incidence and risk factors for ocular hypertension and/or glaucoma in patients with Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHC). Methods: Retrospective analysis of 88 patients with FHC. Kaplan–Meier curves estimated the time to develop cataract and ocular hypertension/glaucoma. Possible prognostic factors were investigated in univariate Kaplan–Meier analyses using the Mantel–Cox logrank test. Results: At presentation with FHC, 52% of patients had a cataract and 26% of patients had ocular hypertension/glaucoma. The estimated percentage of patients with a cataract or ocular hypertension/glaucoma by 4 years after presentation was 71% (CI: 58–81%) and 39% (CI: 28–51%), respectively. Patients aged ≥50 years had significantly greater risk of developing glaucoma (p = 0.0065). After adjusting for age-group, having a cataract at presentation was associated with increased risk of glaucoma (p = 0.032). Conclusions: Risk factors for development of ocular hypertension/glaucoma were increasing patient age and having a cataract at presentation with FHC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-759
Number of pages7
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cataract
  • glaucoma
  • heterochromia
  • uveitis

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