Rising HIV notifications in Australia: Accounting for the increase in people living with HIV and implications for the HIV transmission rate

Samitha Ginige, Marcus Y. Chen, Jane S. Hocking, Andrew E. Grulich, Christopher K. Fairley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To describe the changes in notification rates for HIV, as a proportion of people living with HIV infection, in Australia. Methods: Notification data on HIV and AIDS-related deaths published by the National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research were obtained and analysed for the period of 1988?2004. Results: The annual HIV notification rate per 100 people living with HIV fell significantly between 1988 and 1999 for all HIV cases and for men who have sex with men (MSM) specifically (P < 0.01). However, although there was an increase in HIV notifications between 2000 and 2004 (P = 0.01 for all HIV cases and P = 0.06 for MSM), the notification rate per 100 people living with HIV remained relatively stable (P = 0.6 for all HIV cases and P = 0.4 for MSM). Conclusions: These data suggest that despite significant rises in notifications for HIV, the effective reproductive rate for HIV has remained relatively stable since 1999.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-33
Number of pages3
JournalSexual Health
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2007

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: To describe the changes in notification rates for HIV, as a proportion of people living with HIV infection, in Australia. Methods: Notification data on HIV and AIDS-related deaths published by the National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research were obtained and analysed for the period of 1988?2004. Results: The annual HIV notification rate per 100 people living with HIV fell significantly between 1988 and 1999 for all HIV cases and for men who have sex with men (MSM) specifically (P < 0.01). However, although there was an increase in HIV notifications between 2000 and 2004 (P = 0.01 for all HIV cases and P = 0.06 for MSM), the notification rate per 100 people living with HIV remained relatively stable (P = 0.6 for all HIV cases and P = 0.4 for MSM). Conclusions: These data suggest that despite significant rises in notifications for HIV, the effective reproductive rate for HIV has remained relatively stable since 1999.",
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Rising HIV notifications in Australia : Accounting for the increase in people living with HIV and implications for the HIV transmission rate. / Ginige, Samitha; Chen, Marcus Y.; Hocking, Jane S.; Grulich, Andrew E.; Fairley, Christopher K.

In: Sexual Health, Vol. 4, No. 1, 01.03.2007, p. 31-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rising HIV notifications in Australia

T2 - Accounting for the increase in people living with HIV and implications for the HIV transmission rate

AU - Ginige, Samitha

AU - Chen, Marcus Y.

AU - Hocking, Jane S.

AU - Grulich, Andrew E.

AU - Fairley, Christopher K.

PY - 2007/3/1

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AB - Background: To describe the changes in notification rates for HIV, as a proportion of people living with HIV infection, in Australia. Methods: Notification data on HIV and AIDS-related deaths published by the National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research were obtained and analysed for the period of 1988?2004. Results: The annual HIV notification rate per 100 people living with HIV fell significantly between 1988 and 1999 for all HIV cases and for men who have sex with men (MSM) specifically (P < 0.01). However, although there was an increase in HIV notifications between 2000 and 2004 (P = 0.01 for all HIV cases and P = 0.06 for MSM), the notification rate per 100 people living with HIV remained relatively stable (P = 0.6 for all HIV cases and P = 0.4 for MSM). Conclusions: These data suggest that despite significant rises in notifications for HIV, the effective reproductive rate for HIV has remained relatively stable since 1999.

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