Riboregulators in kidney development and function

Dwi Setyowati Karolina, Marelyn Wintour-Coghlan, John Frederick Bertram, Kandiah Jeyaseelan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The discovery of microRNAs has brought in another level of intricacy in gene regulation. These micro-RNAs are small non-coding RNAs that have dual ability to act as repressors or inducers of gene activity. MicroRNAs have been implicated in a wide spectrum of biological processes and their expressions have been found to be dysregulated in several diseases. Recently, microRNAs have emerged as a new area of interest in renal development and pathology. MicroRNA profilings have revealed a number of microRNAs that are specific to the kidney or restricted to certain regions of the organ suggesting possible exclusive roles therein. Recently, knockout studies have shown that these riboregulators are critical for normal renal growth and functional renal system. Individual microRNAs have also been identified in renal disease models including kidney cancers, diabetic nephropathy and polycystic kidney disease. Several mechanisms of modulating microRNA activity have also been introduced in recent years. Further progress in the understanding of microRNA activity, identification of microRNA signatures in different states as well as advancement of microRNA manipulation techniques will be valuable for kidney research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217 - 225
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimie
Volume92
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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