Rhizoma coptidis: A potential cardiovascular protective agent

Hui Li Tan, Kok Gan Chan, Priyia Pusparajah, Acharaporn Duangjai, Surasak Saokaew, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Learn Han Lee, Bey Hing Goh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in both the developed and developing world. Rhizoma coptidis (RC), known as Huang Lian in China, is the dried rhizome of medicinal plants from the family Ranunculaceae, such as Coptis chinensis Franch, C. deltoidea C.Y. Cheng et Hsiao, and C. teeta Wall which has been used by Chinese medicinal physicians for more than 2000 years. In China, RC is a common component in traditional medicines used to treat CVD associated problems including obesity, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia and disorders of lipid metabolism. In recent years, numerous scientific studies have sought to investigate the biological properties of RC to provide scientific evidence for its traditional medical uses. RC has been found to exert significant beneficial effects on major risk factors for CVDs including anti-atherosclerotic effect, lipid-lowering effect, anti-obesity effect and anti-hepatic steatosis effect. It also has myocardioprotective effect as it provides protection from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. These properties have been attributed to the presence of bioactive compounds contained in RC such as berberine, coptisine, palmatine, epiberberine, jatrorrhizine, and magnoflorine; all of which have been demonstrated to have cardioprotective effects on the various parameters contributing to the occurrence of CVD through a variety of pathways. The evidence available in the published literature indicates that RC is a herb with tremendous potential to reduce the risks of CVDs, and this review aims to summarize the cardioprotective properties of RC with reference to the published literature which overall indicates that RC is a herb with remarkable potential to reduce the risks and damage caused by CVDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number362
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Coptis chinensis Franch
  • Coptis root
  • Ethnopharmacology
  • Huang Lian

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