Projects per year
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) natural history remains poorly characterized, and new investigations are impossible as it would be unethical to follow up TB patients without treatment. METHODS: We considered the reports identified in a previous systematic review of studies from the prechemotherapy era, and extracted detailed data on mortality over time. We used a Bayesian framework to estimate the rates of TB-induced mortality and self-cure. A hierarchical model was employed to allow estimates to vary by cohort. Inference was performed separately for smear-positive TB (SP-TB) and smear-negative TB (SN-TB). RESULTS: We included 41 cohorts of SP-TB patients and 19 cohorts of pulmonary SN-TB patients in the analysis. The median estimates of the TB-specific mortality rates were 0.389 year-1 (95% credible interval [CrI], .335-.449) and 0.025 year-1 (95% CrI, .017-.035) for SP-TB and SN-TB patients, respectively. The estimates for self-recovery rates were 0.231 year-1 (95% CrI, .177-.288) and 0.130 year-1 (95% CrI, .073-.209) for SP-TB and SN-TB patients, respectively. These rates correspond to average durations of untreated TB of 1.57 years (95% CrI, 1.37-1.81) and 5.35 years (95% CrI, 3.42-8.23) for SP-TB and SN-TB, respectively, when assuming a non-TB-related mortality rate of 0.014 year-1 (ie, a 70-year life expectancy). CONCLUSIONS: TB-specific mortality rates are around 15 times higher for SP-TB than for SN-TB patients. This difference was underestimated dramatically in previous TB modeling studies, raising concerns about the accuracy of the associated predictions. Despite being less infectious, SN-TB may be responsible for equivalent numbers of secondary infections as SP-TB due to its much longer duration.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Clinical Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2021|
- disease prognosis
- mortality rates
- natural history
- 1 Finished
AuTuMN: Improving Global Tuberculosis Control with the "AuTuMN" Platform
Trauer, J., Mcbryde, E. S., Doan, T. N., Marks, G. B. & Denholm, J. T.
National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) (Australia)
1/01/18 → 31/12/21