Analysis of the odour complexity in food and beverage products demands high resolution approaches for distinguishing individual aroma-impact compound(s), and for assessing their contribution to the global aroma of a sample. This paper aims to review current applications incorporating different advanced separation methodologies, and their roles in achieving high resolution aroma analysis. This includes prior low resolution gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) with fractionation procedures using chemical manipulation, adsorption chromatography and ion exchange separation. Innovative multidimensional gas chromatography (MDGC) arrangements that are appropriately designed with olfactometry are of specific focus here. The revelation of resolved components using these integrated approaches provides significantly improved knowledge of aroma composition in samples.