Review of high-strength aluminium alloys for additive manufacturing by laser powder bed fusion

Paul A. Rometsch, Yuman Zhu, Xinhua Wu, Aijun Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is one of the major additive manufacturing techniques that industries have adopted to produce complex metal components. The scientific and industrial literature from the past few years reveals that there is a growing demand for the development of high-strength aluminium alloys for LPBF. However, some major challenges remain for high-strength aluminium alloys, especially in relation to printability and the control of defects. Possible strategies that have been identified to achieve high strength with printability include the adaptation of existing high-strength cast and wrought alloys to LPBF, the design of new alloys specifically for LPBF, and the development of aluminium-based composites to achieve unique combinations of properties and processability. Whilst review papers exist for aluminium alloys in general for the related work up to 2019, the purpose of this paper is to review the latest developments related to high-strength aluminium alloys for LPBF up to early 2022, including alloy and process design strategies to achieve high strength without cracking. It aims to provide fresh insights into the current state-of-the-art based on a review of extensive yield strength data for a wide spectrum of aluminium alloys and tempers that have been studied and/or commercialised for LPBF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110779
Number of pages17
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume219
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Aluminium alloys
  • Heat treatment
  • Printability
  • Selective laser melting
  • Yield strength

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