Styrene was polymerized under a source of ultraviolet radiation in the presence of certain thiocarbonylthio compounds. Use of 1-phenylethyl phenyldithioacetate (1-PEPDTA) produced well-defined polymers with molecular weights close to those predicted from theory, up to conversions of 30%. The mechanism of polymerization was examined and shown to proceed via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer, as opposed to reversible termination with a thiocarbonylthiyl radical. U-V-induced decomposition of the dithioester moiety in 1-PEPDTA and 1-phenylethyl dithiobenzoate (1-PEDB) mediated RAFT polymerizations was followed using UV/vis spectrophotometry; 1-PEPDTA decomposed much slower than 1-PEDB. Analysis of the decomposition products of 1-PEPDTA with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was used to elucidate a possible mechanism for its degradation, suggesting that both 1-phenylethyl and benzyl radicals are decomposition products.