Restriction fragment length polymorphism of HLA-DR and HLA-DQ allotypes in four endogamous groups of Western India

Ziarih Hawi, S. S. Mastana, S. S. Papiha

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HLA-DR and HLA-DQ allele frequencies in four populations (Brahmin, Maratha, Gujarati Hindu Patel, and Parsi) of Bombay, western India, were analyzed using Taq1 RFLPs detected by the cDNA probes DRB. DQB, and DQA. Although the overall differences in the HLA-DR and HLA-DQ genotype frequencies among the populations were not statistically significant, several population-specific haplotypes were significant. Multivariate analyses using data on 2 loci (HLA-DR and HLA-DQ) produced a meaningful pattern of genetic affinity and differentiation that parallels the analysis made when frequency data on 23 loci (21 blood group and protein loci and 2 class II antigen loci) are used. The R(ST) for class II loci was 0.006; the genetic differentiation in creased to 0.01 when data on 23 polymorphic loci were analyzed. The genetic affinity analysis shows the isolated nature of the Parsi and close genetic affinity between the two local populations of Bombay. Although the RFLP technique has several limitations compared with newly defined PCR-based methods, our analysis shows that the RFLP technique is still a useful adjunct method for studying HLA polymorphisms for which only limited data from the populations of the Indian subcontinent are available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-754
Number of pages16
JournalHuman Biology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes

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