Restraint use in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Brian Fildes, Mark Stevenson, Shamsul Hoque, Abd Hammid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This study set out to examine seat belt and child restraint use in the Dammam Municipality of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, based on the premise that an increase in seat belt use would significantly reduce personal injury in traffic crashes. It was expected that local data would help identify intervention strategies necessary to improve seat belt use in the region. Methods: The research involved 2 methodologies. First, 1,389 face-to-face interviews were conducted with male and female adults in regional shopping plazas regarding their own and their children's restraint use in their vehicles and reasons for these attitudes and beliefs. Second, 2 on-road observation studies of adult and child restraint use were conducted by trained observers. Occupants of approximately 5,000 passenger vehicles were observed while stopped at representative signalized traffic intersections. Results: The findings showed front seat belt use rates of between 43 and 47% for drivers and 26 to 30% for front seat passengers; rear seat belt use rates were lower. While there seemed to be some knowledge about the purpose and reasons for restraining both adults and children in suitable restraints, this failed to be confirmed in the on-road observations. Conclusions: Reasons for these rates and findings are discussed fully, and recommendations for improving seat belt use in the Dammam Municipality are included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-494
Number of pages7
JournalTraffic Injury Prevention
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2016


  • child restraints
  • evaluations
  • injury outcome
  • protection
  • safety belt

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