Respiratory control and arousal in sleeping infants

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Control of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems undergoes rapid maturation during infancy. Sleep is at a lifetime maximum during this period and has a marked influence on cardiorespiratory function. The mechanisms leading to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) may include a failure in the neural integration of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, with a concomitant failure to arouse from sleep. Studies have shown that sleep states exert a marked influence on respiratory control and arousability. Infants are more arousable in active sleep compared with quiet sleep from both somatosensory and respiratory stimuli. Post-natal and gestational age at birth also have a marked influence on arousability. Arousability is depressed by the major risk factors for SIDS (prone sleeping, maternal smoking, prematurity and recent infection) and is increased by factors that decrease the risk for SIDS (e.g. use of dummies, breastfeeding).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190 - 198
Number of pages9
JournalPaediatric Respiratory Reviews
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Cite this

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title = "Respiratory control and arousal in sleeping infants",
abstract = "Control of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems undergoes rapid maturation during infancy. Sleep is at a lifetime maximum during this period and has a marked influence on cardiorespiratory function. The mechanisms leading to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) may include a failure in the neural integration of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, with a concomitant failure to arouse from sleep. Studies have shown that sleep states exert a marked influence on respiratory control and arousability. Infants are more arousable in active sleep compared with quiet sleep from both somatosensory and respiratory stimuli. Post-natal and gestational age at birth also have a marked influence on arousability. Arousability is depressed by the major risk factors for SIDS (prone sleeping, maternal smoking, prematurity and recent infection) and is increased by factors that decrease the risk for SIDS (e.g. use of dummies, breastfeeding).",
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Respiratory control and arousal in sleeping infants. / Horne, Rosemary Sylvia Claire; Parslow, Peter M; Harding, Richard.

In: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2004, p. 190 - 198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOther

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AU - Parslow, Peter M

AU - Harding, Richard

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