Resonant sound caused by flow past two plates in tandem in a duct

K. Hourigan, M. C. Welsh, A. N. Stokes

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Two plates placed in tandem in a duct flow shed vortices, which can excite and sustain an acoustic resonance associated with the duct. The sound can in turn ‘feed back and ‘lock’ the vortex shedding rate to the sound frequency. The experimental conditions under which loud resonant sound is sustained are described in this paper. The acoustic sources are predicted by combining a vortex model of the flow field with a finite-element solution of the sound field, and then using Howe's theory of aerodynamic sound to calculate the energy exchange between the flow and the sound field. Only in certain regions near the plates is substantial net energy exchange possible; the direction of energy transfer depends on the spacing of the plates. The region around the trailing edge of the upstream plate is found to be always a net acoustic source during resonance, while the region around the downstream plate is a net source or sink depending on the phase of the acoustic cycle at which vortices arrive there, which in turn depends on plate spacing and flow velocity. The net source region around the downstream plate is suppressed over a wide range of plate spacings by splitting this plate at midspan and rejoining it so that one half is offset in the flow direction by the distance a vortex travels in half asound cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-484
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1988
Externally publishedYes

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