Resolving discrimination claims outside the courts: alternative dispute resolution in Australia and the United Kingdom

Alysia Blackham, Dominique Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is a longstanding feature of both
Australian and United Kingdom (UK) anti-discrimination law. In this article,
we critically examine the advantages and disadvantages of using ADR to
resolve a discrimination claim in Australia and the UK, and the effect ADR is
having on discrimination law more broadly. While the UK and Australia have
similar discrimination law statutes, and both largely rely on an individual
rights model to address discrimination, they use ADR in contrasting ways,
and with varying implications in practice. We argue that while ADR offers
potential benefits in resolving discrimination claims, the extensive reliance
on ADR in both jurisdictions to resolve disputes risks undermining the
development of discrimination law. We suggest several key areas in which
the regulatory framework could be reviewed to address these limitations and
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-278
Number of pages26
JournalAustralian Journal of Labour Law
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • alternative dispute resolution (ADR)
  • Discrimination law
  • Equality

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