Introduction: Clinical radiology is a popular career. However, academic radiology in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) has not traditionally been a strength of the specialty which has a focus on clinical medicine and has been influenced by corporatisation of the specialty. The aim of this study was to review the source(s) of radiologist-led research in Australia and New Zealand, to identify areas of relative deficiency and propose plans to improve research output. Methods: A manual search was performed of all manuscripts in seven popular ANZ journals, where the corresponding or senior author was a radiologist. Publications between January 2017 and April 2022 were included. Results: There were 285 manuscripts from ANZ radiologists during the study period. This equates to 10.7 manuscripts per 100 radiologists based on RANZCR census data. Radiologists in Northern Territory, Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory all produced manuscripts above the corrected mean incidence rate of 10.7 manuscripts per 100 radiologists. However, locations including Tasmania, New South Wales, New Zealand and Queensland were below the mean. The majority of manuscripts arose from public teaching hospitals with accredited trainees (86%), and there were a higher proportion of manuscripts published by female radiologists (11.5 compared to 10.4 per 100 radiologists). Conclusion: Radiologists in ANZ are academically active; however, interventions aimed at increasing output could be targeted at certain locations and/or areas within a busy private sector. Time, culture, infrastructure and research support are vital, but personal motivation is also extremely important.