Research capacity of Australian and New Zealand emergency medicine departments

Katie Walker, Shijie Ian Tan, Daniel Fatovich, Gina Watkins, Melanie Stephenson, Joseph Ting, Richard Whittome, Wei Wang, Jonathan Knott, on behalf of the ACEM Clinical Trials Network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Background: Large, multicentre studies are required in emergency medicine to advance clinical care and improve patient outcomes. The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine clinical trials network is available to researchers to assist with facilitating large, multicentre research. However, there is no current information about the research capacity of emergency departments (EDs) in Australia and New Zealand. Methods: All EDs accredited for emergency medicine training in Australia and New Zealand were eligible to participate. Research leads or ED directors were invited via email and telephone to complete a survey. Data were collected regarding the presence of a research lead; their research experience; available research resources including colleagues, funding, departmental paid research time; publications; and research culture. Results: One hundred and twelve responses were received on behalf of 122 (84%) sites (10 satellite plus main) from a possible 143 sites with all types of hospitals and regions represented. Research leads were identified at 66 (59%) sites; 32 (29%) had a director of emergency medicine research. A wide range of research was underway. Ninety-six sites (66%) contributed data to multicentre projects. Twenty-one centres (17%) were highly productive with multiple resources (skilled colleagues, funding, staffing), a positive research culture and high-volume output. Sixty to seventy centres (50-58%) had limited resources, experienced an unsupportive research culture and authored manuscripts infrequently. Paid time for research directors was associated with increased research outputs. Discussion: ACEM sites have the capacity to undertake large multicentre studies with a varied network of sites and researchers. While some sites are well equipped for research, the majority of EDs had minimal research output.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2020


  • Emergency medicine
  • Health resources
  • Multicentre trials
  • Research
  • Research personnel
  • Surveys and questionnaires

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