Reproducibility of plasma and extracellular fluid volume measurements in critically ill patients

D. Ernest, N. G. Hartman, C. P. Deane, A. S. Belzberg, P. M. Dodek

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Abstract

Plasma and extracellular fluid (ECF) volume measurements may provide valuable complementary data to the hemodynamic measurements currently used to compare fluid infusions in critically ill patients. To assess the reproducibility of plasma and extracellular fluid volume measurements in critically ill patients, we injected 131I-labeled albumin (10 μCi) and 35S-sodium sulfate (50 μCi), respectively, into 15 stable patients on two occasions 150 min apart. Plasma was sampled at 20, 30, and 40 min after each injection and the volume of distribution of each radioisotope was calculated from the extrapolated zero time counts. We found that plasma and ECF volume did not differ significantly between the first (42.4 ± 4.7 ml/kg and 186 ± 39 ml/kg) and second (42.8 ± 5.5 ml/kg and 193 ± 48 ml/kg) measurements. Specifically, the mean difference between the two measurements was 0.4 ± 3.2 ml/kg and 7 ± 17 ml/kg respectively. We conclude that measurements of plasma and ECF volume are reproducible over 150 min in stable critically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1471
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume33
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes

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