Representation of the visual field in the second visual area in the Cebus monkey

Marcello G.P. Rosa, Aglai P.B. Sousa, Ricardo Gattass

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Abstract

The representation of the visual field in the second visual area (V2) was reconstructed from multiunit visual responses and anatomical tracers. Receptive field plotting was performed during multiple recording sessions in seven Cebus apella monkeys under N2 O/O2 and immobilized with pancuronium bromide. V2 forms a continuous belt of variable width around striate cortex (V1) except at the most anterior portion of the calcarine sulcus. In each hemisphere V2 contains a visuotopic representation of the contralateral visual hemifield. The representation of the vertical meridian is adjacent to that of V1 and forms the posterior border of V2. The representation of the fovea of V2 is adjacent to that of V1. The representation of the horizontal meridian (HM) is continuous with that of V1; then it splits to form the anterior border of V2, both dorsally and ventrally. The lower quadrant of the visual field is represented dorsally and the upper quadrant ventrally. The visual topography of V2 is coarser than that of V1. In V2, receptive fields corresponding to recording sites separated by a cortical distance of up to 4 mm may represent the same portion of the visual field. In three additional animals, combined injections of fluorescent tracers along the HM representation in V1 yielded two projection sites at the anterior border of V2. The split of the HM representation is estimated to occur at an eccentricity below 1°. Quantitative analysis showed that in V2 the representation of the central visual field is magnified relative to that of the periphery. The cortical magnification factor is greater along the isopolar dimension than along the isoeccentric one. Receptive field size in V2 increases with increasing eccentricity. In sections stained for myelin by the Heidenhein‐Wöelcke method V2 can be distinguished from the surrounding cortex for most of its extent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-345
Number of pages20
JournalThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
Volume275
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cortical magnification
  • New World monkey
  • prestriate cortex
  • receptive field size
  • visuotopic organization

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