Replicative aging impedes stress-induced assembly of a key human protein disaggregase

Yasith Mathangasinghe, Niels Alberts, Carlos Rosado, Dezerae Cox, Natalie Payne, Angelique R Ormsby, Roman Sakson, Sanjeev Uthishtran, Senthil Arumugam, Danny M. Hatters, Harm H Kampinga, Nadinath Nillegoda

Research output: Other contributionResearch

Abstract

The collapse of protein homeostasis manifests itself in a toxic protein aggregation cascade, which is associated with degenerative diseases and aging. To solubilize aggregates, dedicated protein disaggregases exist in unicellular organisms, but these have no nuclear/cytosolic orthologs in metazoa. Alternative metazoan disaggregation machines have been described, but how these are operated and regulated in vivo remained unknown. We show that protein disaggregases are functionally diversified in human cells to efficiently target different types of stress-induced aggregates in sequential and temporally distinct phases. In particular, we show the selective assembly of an Hsp70-DNAJA1-DNAJB1 trimeric disaggregase that forms during late phase of stress recovery., i.e., after VCP-dependent solubilization of non-native proteins that accumulate in cellular condensates such as nucleoli or stress granules. When activated, the trimeric disaggregase provides resistance to stress toxicity and contributes to amyloid disposal. Strikingly, this disaggregase collapses early in cells undergoing replicative aging with important underlining pathophysiological consequences.
Original languageEnglish
Typepreprint
PublisherbioRxiv
Number of pages97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2023

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