Renal responses to furosemide are significantly attenuated in male sheep at 6 months of age following fetal uninephrectomy

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Abstract

We have previously shown that fetal uninephrectomy (uni-x) at 100 days of gestation (term = 150 days) in male sheep results in a 30 nephron deficit, reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal blood flow, and elevation in arterial pressure at 6 mo of age. Furthermore, in response to an acute 0.9 saline load, sodium excretion was significantly delayed in uni-x animals leading us to speculate that tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) activity was reset in uni-x animals. In the present study, we induced TGF blockade by furosemide administration (1.5 mg/kg iv over 90 min) and determined GFR, effective renal plasma flow, and urine and sodium excretion responses in 6-mo-old male sheep. In response to furosemide, a significant diuresis and natriuresis was observed in the sham group; however, the response was significantly delayed and reduced in uni-x animals (both, P(treatmentxtime) <0.001). Cummulative urinary and sodium output was significantly less in the uni-x compared with the sham sheep (both, P(treatmentxtime) <0.001). GFR was increased in the sham but not the uni-x sheep (P(treatmentxtime) <0.0001). In conclusion, the excretory response to furosemide was attenuated in the uni-x sheep, and this suggests a rightward resetting of the TGF operating point. The TGF mechanism is important in the fine tuning of sodium homeostasis and is likely a contributing factor for the dysfunction in sodium regulation we have previously observed in the uni-x animals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R868 - R875
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume302
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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