Renal effects of rilmenidine in volume-loaded anaesthetized dogs

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In anaesthetized, fluid expanded rats rilmenidine has diuretic and natriuretic effects. There is strong evidence that the natriuresis is mediated by putative imidazoline receptors. In contrast, in conscious euvolaemic dogs rilmenidine has a diuretic effect that is entirely attributable to activation of α2-adrenoceptors, but no natriuretic effect. To determine whether the effects of rilmenidine are truly species dependent, or merely dependent upon the influences of anaesthesia and volume status, we tested the effects of rilmenidine in pentobarbitone anaesthetized, volume-loaded dogs. The effects of rilmenidine in anaesthetized, volume-loaded dogs were similar to those found in conscious euvolaemic dogs. Compared with vehicle treatment, levels of glomerular filtration rate, urine flow and haematocrit were increased following rilmenidine treatment. No effect of rilmenidine on sodium excretion was observed. We conclude that the renal responses to rilmenidine in dogs are largely unaffected by anaesthesia and plasma volume status. In particular, the natriuretic effect seen in rats was not observed. We conclude that putative imidazoline receptors do not have a major influence on sodium excretion in dogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-67
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • α-adrenoceptors
  • dog
  • imidazoline receptor
  • kidney
  • pentobarbitone anaesthesia
  • plasma volume expansion
  • renal blood flow
  • rilmenidine sodium excretion

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