Renal effects of atrial natriuretic peptide in conscious rabbits with renal wrap hypertension

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Abstract

Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP, 2 μmin) was infused intravenously into rabbits four weeks after renal wrap or sham operation. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) averaged 132 ± 4 mmHg in the renal wrapped rabbits and 89 ± 3 mmHg in the sham rabbits, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was significantly lower in the hypertensive rabbits (6.2 ± 1.0 ml/min) than in sham rabbits (8.9 ± 0.7 ml/min). In sham rabbits, ANP caused a significant diuresis, natriuresis and increase in GFR. Enalapril pretreat-ment blunted these responses. In the hypertensive rabbits, ANP reduced mean arterial pressure but did not cause significant diuresis or natriuresis or change in GFR. Enalapril pretreatment did not significantly alter this response to ANP. In separate experiments, nitroprusside was infused to lower arterial pressure in hypertensive rabbits by a similar amount to that achieved with ANP and this reduced GFR, sodium and urine excretion rates. Thus ANP maintained GFR and sodium excretion in hypertensive rabbits compared to an equihypotensive dose of nitroprusside. In summary, ANP did not cause natriuresis or diuresis in renal wrapped kidneys at a dose which was effective in normal kidneys, but did maintain GFR, sodium and water excretion rates, compared to an equally hypotensive dose of nitroprusside.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-74
Number of pages16
JournalClinical and Experimental Hypertension
VolumeA11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrial natriuretic factor
  • Enalapril
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Page hypertension
  • Sodium nitroprusside

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