Aims: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the balloon-based bipolar Vessix Renal Denervation System in treating patients with resistant hypertension. Methods and results: In this prospective, multicentre, single-arm study, 146 patients (age 58.6±10.5 years; 61% men) with office systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥160 mmHg despite ≥3 antihypertensive medications at maximally tolerated doses were treated with the Vessix System. Efficacy endpoints were reductions in office and 24-hour ambulatory systolic and diastolic BPs at six months. Acute and long-term safety, with a focus on the renal artery and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), were assessed. Baseline office and ambulatory BPs were 182.4±18.4/100.2±14.0 mmHg and 153.0±15.1/87.5±13.2 mmHg, respectively. No acute renal artery injury requiring intervention or serious periprocedural cardiovascular events occurred. At six months, office BP was reduced by 24.7±22.1/10.3±12.7 mmHg (p<0.0001) and ambulatory BP was reduced by 8.4±14.4/5.9±9.1 mmHg (N=69; p<0.0001). Twenty-six patients (18%) achieved an office systolic BP <140 mmHg. One patient had renal artery stenosis which required stenting. Mean eGFR remained stable. Conclusions: Renal artery denervation with the Vessix System reduced both office and ambulatory BP at six months in patients with resistant hypertension. Renal artery safety and renal function results are favourable.
- Blood pressure
- Renal artery denervation