Religiosity as a source of influence on work engagement: a study of the Malaysian Finance industry

Raida Abu Bakar, Fang Lee Cooke, Nuttawuth Muenjohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


The majority of work engagement studies have been conducted using a quantitative approach with limited attention to the institutional and social contexts. Meanwhile, the role of religion in shaping people’s philosophy and behaviour in life and work has been gaining attention from management researchers. Studies have revealed the positive impact of religiosity on a number of human resources and organizational outcomes. However, few studies treat religious belief as a job or personal resource from a HRM perspective. This study fills part of this research gap by focusing on the relevant factors that may affect work engagement in the Malaysian Islamic context. Drawing on data from 41 semi-structured interviews with mid-ranking professionals from the finance sector, this study responds to calls for more focus on contexts and for deeper qualitative investigations into individual dynamics that concern religiosity and work engagement. It provides evidence that religiosity plays an important role in work engagement. Our findings have implications for people management in organizations that have a diverse workforce representing multiple religions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2632-2658
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2018


  • finance industry
  • Malaysia
  • personal and job resources
  • religiosity
  • training
  • Work engagement

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