Reliability of one-repetition maximum performance in people with chronic heart failure

Rachel Ellis, Anne E. Holland, Karen Dodd, Nora Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Evaluate intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the one-repetition maximum strength test in people with chronic heart failure. Design: Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability study. Setting: A public tertiary hospital in northern metropolitan Melbourne. Participants: Twenty-four participants (nine female, mean age 71.8 ± 13.1 years) with mild to moderate heart failure of any aetiology. Methods: Lower limb strength was assessed by determining the maximum weight that could be lifted using a leg press. Intra-rater reliability was tested by one assessor on two separate occasions. Inter-rater reliability was tested by two assessors in random order. Statistical analyses: Intra-class correlation coefficients and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Bland and Altman analyses were also conducted, including calculation of mean differences between measures (d) and limits of agreement. Results: Ten intra-rater and 21 inter-rater assessments were completed. Excellent intra-rater (intra-class correlation coefficient2,1 0.96) and inter-rater (intra-class correlation coefficient2,1 0.93) reliability was found. Intra-rater assessment showed less variability (mean difference 4.5 kg, limits of agreement −8.11 to 17.11 kg) than inter-rater agreement (mean difference −3.81 kg, limits of agreement −23.39 to 15.77 kg). Conclusion: One-repetition maximum determined using a leg press is a reliable measure in people with heart failure. Given its smaller limits of agreement, intra-rater testing is recommended.Implications for Rehabilitation Using a leg press to determine a one-repetition maximum we were able to demonstrate excellent inter-rater and intra-rater reliability using an intra-class correlation coefficient. The Bland and Altman levels of agreement were wide for inter-rater reliability and so we recommend using one assessor if measuring change in strength within an individual over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1706-1710
Number of pages5
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 1-RM
  • Chronic heart failure
  • one-repetition maximum
  • reliability
  • strength

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