Relationship between vitamin D and gestational diabetes in overweight or obese pregnant women may be mediated by adiponectin

Aya Mousa, Sally K. Abell, Soulmaz Shorakae, Cheryce L. Harrison, Negar Naderpoor, Danielle Hiam, Alba Moreno-Asso, Nigel K. Stepto, Helena J. Teede, Barbora de Courten

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Abstract

Scope: Maternal vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, the association between vitamin D and inflammation, particularly adipokines, remains unexplored in pregnancy. Methods and results: In 102 overweight or obese pregnant women at high-risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), we investigated relationships between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations at 12-15 wk gestation (baseline) and serum lipids, inflammatory markers, novel adipokines (omentin-1, visfatin, high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin), and subsequent pregnancy outcomes (GDM, preeclampsia, preterm birth [PTB]). After adjustment for maternal factors (age, BMI, parity, ethnicity, and smoking status), baseline 25(OH)D concentrations were inversely associated with total cholesterol and triglycerides, and positively associated with HMW-adiponectin. Higher baseline 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with decreased fasting and 1-h post-OGTT glucose and reduced risk of GDM at 26-28 wk, as well as with longer gestation and reduced risk of PTB upon additional adjustment for caesarean section. Adding HMW-adiponectin to the multivariable models attenuated most associations, and HMW-adiponectin was a significant predictor in the models. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that lower maternal 25(OH)D concentrations in overweight/obese pregnant women at high-risk of GDM are associated with increased cardiometabolic risks during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes, and that these associations may be mediated by HMW-adiponectin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700488
JournalMolecular Nutrition and Food Research
Volume61
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Adipokines
  • Cardiometabolic risk factors
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Pregnancy
  • Vitamin D

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