Protein tyrosine phosphatases play an important role in cell metabolism. Three distinct protein tyrosine phosphatase activities have been identified in an osteoblast-like cell line, UMR 106.06. These activities comprised two membrane-associated phosphatases and one cytosolic phosphatase of apparent molecular mass > 153 kDa, 80 kDa and 40 kDa respectively, estimated by gel filtration. On the basis of differences in apparent molecular mass, proteolytic-digestion profiles, substrate specificities and responses to a range of extracellular influences and inhibitor molecules, the two membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases are distinct proteins. Tyrosine phosphatase activity in UMR 106.06 cells was sensitive to cell density. Cells at confluence contained membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase with specific activity 9-fold higher than cells at medium or low cell density. This elevation in membrane tyrosine phosphatase activity was due specifically to an increase in the high-molecular-mass enzyme. This phosphatase was also responsive to extracelluar matrix components. This activity was elevated in cells grown on a collagen type-I matrix independently of cell density. Membrane and cytosolic protein tyrosine phosphatases were differentially regulated by a variety of agents including phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, parathyroid hormone, epidermal growth factor, okadaic acid and transforming growth factor β. These observations suggest that regulatory influences control tyrosine phosphorylation in UMR 106.06 cells including cell-cell contact, cell-matrix contact and signal transduction involving tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation events.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1995|