Regulation of membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases in UMR 106.06 osteoblast-like cells

M. C. Southey, D. M. Findlay, B. E. Kemp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphatases play an important role in cell metabolism. Three distinct protein tyrosine phosphatase activities have been identified in an osteoblast-like cell line, UMR 106.06. These activities comprised two membrane-associated phosphatases and one cytosolic phosphatase of apparent molecular mass > 153 kDa, 80 kDa and 40 kDa respectively, estimated by gel filtration. On the basis of differences in apparent molecular mass, proteolytic-digestion profiles, substrate specificities and responses to a range of extracellular influences and inhibitor molecules, the two membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases are distinct proteins. Tyrosine phosphatase activity in UMR 106.06 cells was sensitive to cell density. Cells at confluence contained membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase with specific activity 9-fold higher than cells at medium or low cell density. This elevation in membrane tyrosine phosphatase activity was due specifically to an increase in the high-molecular-mass enzyme. This phosphatase was also responsive to extracelluar matrix components. This activity was elevated in cells grown on a collagen type-I matrix independently of cell density. Membrane and cytosolic protein tyrosine phosphatases were differentially regulated by a variety of agents including phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, parathyroid hormone, epidermal growth factor, okadaic acid and transforming growth factor β. These observations suggest that regulatory influences control tyrosine phosphorylation in UMR 106.06 cells including cell-cell contact, cell-matrix contact and signal transduction involving tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-490
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume305
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

@article{112ed54668b14cc58314d30251f8e734,
title = "Regulation of membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases in UMR 106.06 osteoblast-like cells",
abstract = "Protein tyrosine phosphatases play an important role in cell metabolism. Three distinct protein tyrosine phosphatase activities have been identified in an osteoblast-like cell line, UMR 106.06. These activities comprised two membrane-associated phosphatases and one cytosolic phosphatase of apparent molecular mass > 153 kDa, 80 kDa and 40 kDa respectively, estimated by gel filtration. On the basis of differences in apparent molecular mass, proteolytic-digestion profiles, substrate specificities and responses to a range of extracellular influences and inhibitor molecules, the two membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases are distinct proteins. Tyrosine phosphatase activity in UMR 106.06 cells was sensitive to cell density. Cells at confluence contained membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase with specific activity 9-fold higher than cells at medium or low cell density. This elevation in membrane tyrosine phosphatase activity was due specifically to an increase in the high-molecular-mass enzyme. This phosphatase was also responsive to extracelluar matrix components. This activity was elevated in cells grown on a collagen type-I matrix independently of cell density. Membrane and cytosolic protein tyrosine phosphatases were differentially regulated by a variety of agents including phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, parathyroid hormone, epidermal growth factor, okadaic acid and transforming growth factor β. These observations suggest that regulatory influences control tyrosine phosphorylation in UMR 106.06 cells including cell-cell contact, cell-matrix contact and signal transduction involving tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation events.",
author = "Southey, {M. C.} and Findlay, {D. M.} and Kemp, {B. E.}",
year = "1995",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "305",
pages = "485--490",
journal = "Biochemical Journal",
issn = "0264-6021",
publisher = "Portland Press",
number = "2",

}

Regulation of membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases in UMR 106.06 osteoblast-like cells. / Southey, M. C.; Findlay, D. M.; Kemp, B. E.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 305, No. 2, 01.01.1995, p. 485-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases in UMR 106.06 osteoblast-like cells

AU - Southey, M. C.

AU - Findlay, D. M.

AU - Kemp, B. E.

PY - 1995/1/1

Y1 - 1995/1/1

N2 - Protein tyrosine phosphatases play an important role in cell metabolism. Three distinct protein tyrosine phosphatase activities have been identified in an osteoblast-like cell line, UMR 106.06. These activities comprised two membrane-associated phosphatases and one cytosolic phosphatase of apparent molecular mass > 153 kDa, 80 kDa and 40 kDa respectively, estimated by gel filtration. On the basis of differences in apparent molecular mass, proteolytic-digestion profiles, substrate specificities and responses to a range of extracellular influences and inhibitor molecules, the two membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases are distinct proteins. Tyrosine phosphatase activity in UMR 106.06 cells was sensitive to cell density. Cells at confluence contained membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase with specific activity 9-fold higher than cells at medium or low cell density. This elevation in membrane tyrosine phosphatase activity was due specifically to an increase in the high-molecular-mass enzyme. This phosphatase was also responsive to extracelluar matrix components. This activity was elevated in cells grown on a collagen type-I matrix independently of cell density. Membrane and cytosolic protein tyrosine phosphatases were differentially regulated by a variety of agents including phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, parathyroid hormone, epidermal growth factor, okadaic acid and transforming growth factor β. These observations suggest that regulatory influences control tyrosine phosphorylation in UMR 106.06 cells including cell-cell contact, cell-matrix contact and signal transduction involving tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation events.

AB - Protein tyrosine phosphatases play an important role in cell metabolism. Three distinct protein tyrosine phosphatase activities have been identified in an osteoblast-like cell line, UMR 106.06. These activities comprised two membrane-associated phosphatases and one cytosolic phosphatase of apparent molecular mass > 153 kDa, 80 kDa and 40 kDa respectively, estimated by gel filtration. On the basis of differences in apparent molecular mass, proteolytic-digestion profiles, substrate specificities and responses to a range of extracellular influences and inhibitor molecules, the two membrane-associated tyrosine phosphatases are distinct proteins. Tyrosine phosphatase activity in UMR 106.06 cells was sensitive to cell density. Cells at confluence contained membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase with specific activity 9-fold higher than cells at medium or low cell density. This elevation in membrane tyrosine phosphatase activity was due specifically to an increase in the high-molecular-mass enzyme. This phosphatase was also responsive to extracelluar matrix components. This activity was elevated in cells grown on a collagen type-I matrix independently of cell density. Membrane and cytosolic protein tyrosine phosphatases were differentially regulated by a variety of agents including phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, parathyroid hormone, epidermal growth factor, okadaic acid and transforming growth factor β. These observations suggest that regulatory influences control tyrosine phosphorylation in UMR 106.06 cells including cell-cell contact, cell-matrix contact and signal transduction involving tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation events.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028854163&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 305

SP - 485

EP - 490

JO - Biochemical Journal

JF - Biochemical Journal

SN - 0264-6021

IS - 2

ER -