Regulation of genome editing in plant biotechnology: Australia

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Abstract

Two Australian regulatory frameworks are fundamental to the cultivation of genome edited plants and marketing of their products. These are the gene technology and food regulatory frameworks. Both frameworks rely on process triggers—that process being the use of gene technology. Unfortunately, these frameworks use different definitions of gene technology, creating the likelihood of different responses to genome edited plants, particularly to plants produced using SDN-2 or ODM.

No genome edited plants are currently cultivated in Australia but the relevant regulators are each currently undertaking reviews to determine whether some or all genome editing techniques are gene technology and how their frameworks should respond to those techniques. Final decisions are expected during 2018. In the meantime, the regulators have each adopted interim approaches to genome edited plants or their products, summarised in the first table.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRegulation of Genome Editing in Plant Biotechnology
EditorsHans-Georg Dederer, David Hamburger
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
PublisherSpringer
Chapter3
Pages63-110
Number of pages48
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9783030171103
ISBN (Print)9783030171186
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • biotechnology regulation
  • genome editing
  • plants

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