Regulation of B cell fate by chronic activity of the IgE B cell receptor

Zhiyong Yang, Marcus J. Robinson, Xiangjun Chen, Geoffrey A. Smith, Jack Taunton, Wanli Liu, Christopher D C Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

IgE can trigger potent allergic responses, yet the mechanisms regulating IgE production are poorly understood. Here we reveal that IgE+ B cells are constrained by chronic activity of the IgE B cell receptor (BCR). In the absence of cognate antigen, the IgE BCR promoted terminal differentiation of B cells into plasma cells (PCs) under cell culture conditions mimicking T cell help. This antigen-independent PC differentiation involved multiple IgE domains and Syk, CD19, BLNK, Btk, and IRF4. Disruption of BCR signaling in mice led to consistently exaggerated IgE+ germinal center (GC) B cell but variably increased PC responses. We were unable to confirm reports that the IgE BCR directly promoted intrinsic apoptosis. Instead, IgE+ GC B cells exhibited poor antigen presentation and prolonged cell cycles, suggesting reduced competition for T cell help. We propose that chronic BCR activity and access to T cell help play critical roles in regulating IgE responses.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21238
Number of pages31
JournaleLife
Volume5
Issue numberDECEMBER2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

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