Regression analysis using scrambled responses

Sarjinder Singh, A. H. Joarder, Maxwell L. King

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This paper investigates the general linear regression model Y = Xβ + e assuming the dependent variable is observed as a scrambled response using Eichhorn & Hayre's (1983) approach to collecting sensitive personal information. The estimates of the parameters in the model remain unbiased, but the variances of the estimates increase due to scrambling. The Wald test of the null hypothesis H0: β = β0, against the alternative hypothesis Hα: β ≠ β0, is also investigated. Parameter estimates obtained from scrambled responses are compared to those from conventional or direct-question surveys, using simulation. The coverage by nominal 95% confidence intervals is also reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-211
Number of pages11
JournalAustralian Journal of Statistics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1996


  • Randomized response technique
  • Regression analysis
  • Scrambled responses
  • Sensitive issues
  • Wald test

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