Regional roughness of the landes forest and surface shear stress under neutral conditions

Marc B. Parlange, Wilfried Brutsaert

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Abstract

Mean wind velocity profiles were measured by means of radio-windsondes over the Landes region in southwestern France, which consists primarily of pine forests with scattered villages and clearings with various crops. Analysis of neutral profiles indicated the existence of a logarithmic layer between approximately z - d0 = 67(±18)z0 and 128(+-32)z0 (z is the height above the ground, z0 the surface roughness and d0 the displacement height). The upper limit can also be given as z - d0 = 0.33 (±0.18)h, where h is the height of the bottom of the inversion. The profiles showed that the surface roughness of this terrain is around 1.2 m and the displacement height 6.0 m. Shear stresses derived from the profiles were in good agreement with those obtained just above the forest canopy at a nearby location with the eddy correlation method by a team from the Institute of Hydrology (Wallingford, England).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-81
Number of pages13
JournalBoundary-Layer Meteorology
Volume48
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1989
Externally publishedYes

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