The gene encoding a tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases, TIMP, has previously been shown to be X-linked in both the human and mouse genomes. We have used a series of somatic cell hybrids segregating translocation and deletion X chromosomes to map the TIMP gene on the human X chromosome. In combination with previous data, the gene can be assigned to Xp11.23→Xp11.4. Genetic linkage analyses demonstrate that TIMP is linked to the more distal ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) locus at a distance of about 22 centimorgans. The data are consistent with the conclusion that TIMP maps to a conserved synteny and linkage group on the proximal short arm of the human X chromosome and on the pericentric region of the mouse X chromosome, including loci for synapsin-1, a member of the raf oncogene family, OTC, and TIMP.