Regional hemodynamic effects of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious renal hypertensive rats

Xiao C. Li, Robert E. Widdop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Angiotensin II subtype 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists reduce mean arterial pressure in various experimental models of hypertension, including two- kidney, one clip (2K1C) renal hypertension. However, the regional hemodynamic mechanisms underlying the hypotensive effect of AT1 receptor antagonists in 2K1C rats under dynamic conditions have not been documented. Therefore, in the present study we determined the hemodynamic profile of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious 2K1C rats and sham-operated control rats. Approximately 4 weeks after clipping, rats underwent a further two-stage operation for implantation of Doppler flow probes on the contralateral (left) renal artery, superior mesenteric artery, and distal aorta as well as for the implantation of intravascular catheters. At least 24 hours after the last operation continuous recordings were made of mean arterial pressure; heart rate; and renal, mesenteric, and hindquarters flows and conductances (Doppler shift/mean arterial pressure) in response to three doses of CV-11974 (0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 mg/kg IV). CV-11974 caused a small hypotensive effect (decrease of approximately 15 mm Hg) in the sham group, but regional flows and vascular conductances did not change. By contrast, in 2K1C rats CV-11974 caused dose- dependent hypotension that was maximal (-19±6, -41±4, and -51±8 mm Hg, respectively) after 6 hours. These changes were associated with generalized vasodilatation (increased conductance) in all three vascular beds, although there were subtle differences with the different CV-11974 doses. The lowest dose of this compound tested (0.01 mg/kg, n=7) caused transient vasodilatation, and the intermediate dose (0.1 mg/kg, n=8) caused maximal vasodilatation in the mesenteric and hindquarters, circulations (approximately 50% increase in conductances). A 10-fold higher dose of CV- 11974 (1.0 mg/kg, n=7) produced sustained, hyperemic renal vasodilatation (approximately 30% and 70% increases in renal flow and conductance, respectively) in addition to mesenteric and hindquarters vasodilatation. Thus, CV-11974-induced hypotension was accompanied by widespread vasodilatation, although this was dose dependently only in the renal vascular bed. This study illustrates that AT1 receptor blockade causes vasodilatation in both renal and nonrenal circulations in 2K1C hypertension, contrasting with the relatively selective renal vasodilatation observed previously in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In addition, it was demonstrated that the maximal hypotension caused by CV-11974 occurred much later than the blockade of the cardiovascular effects of angiotensin II. This temporal disparity may imply that in addition to inhibition of tonic vasoconstriction maintained by circulating and/or tissue renin angiotensin systems, other mechanisms may also be involved in the antihypertensive effect of CV-11974.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)989-997
Number of pages9
JournalHypertension
Volume26
Issue number6 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995

Keywords

  • angiotensin II
  • CV-11974
  • hemodynamics
  • hypertension, renal
  • receptors, angiotensin
  • vasodilation

Cite this

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title = "Regional hemodynamic effects of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious renal hypertensive rats",
abstract = "Angiotensin II subtype 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists reduce mean arterial pressure in various experimental models of hypertension, including two- kidney, one clip (2K1C) renal hypertension. However, the regional hemodynamic mechanisms underlying the hypotensive effect of AT1 receptor antagonists in 2K1C rats under dynamic conditions have not been documented. Therefore, in the present study we determined the hemodynamic profile of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious 2K1C rats and sham-operated control rats. Approximately 4 weeks after clipping, rats underwent a further two-stage operation for implantation of Doppler flow probes on the contralateral (left) renal artery, superior mesenteric artery, and distal aorta as well as for the implantation of intravascular catheters. At least 24 hours after the last operation continuous recordings were made of mean arterial pressure; heart rate; and renal, mesenteric, and hindquarters flows and conductances (Doppler shift/mean arterial pressure) in response to three doses of CV-11974 (0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 mg/kg IV). CV-11974 caused a small hypotensive effect (decrease of approximately 15 mm Hg) in the sham group, but regional flows and vascular conductances did not change. By contrast, in 2K1C rats CV-11974 caused dose- dependent hypotension that was maximal (-19±6, -41±4, and -51±8 mm Hg, respectively) after 6 hours. These changes were associated with generalized vasodilatation (increased conductance) in all three vascular beds, although there were subtle differences with the different CV-11974 doses. The lowest dose of this compound tested (0.01 mg/kg, n=7) caused transient vasodilatation, and the intermediate dose (0.1 mg/kg, n=8) caused maximal vasodilatation in the mesenteric and hindquarters, circulations (approximately 50{\%} increase in conductances). A 10-fold higher dose of CV- 11974 (1.0 mg/kg, n=7) produced sustained, hyperemic renal vasodilatation (approximately 30{\%} and 70{\%} increases in renal flow and conductance, respectively) in addition to mesenteric and hindquarters vasodilatation. Thus, CV-11974-induced hypotension was accompanied by widespread vasodilatation, although this was dose dependently only in the renal vascular bed. This study illustrates that AT1 receptor blockade causes vasodilatation in both renal and nonrenal circulations in 2K1C hypertension, contrasting with the relatively selective renal vasodilatation observed previously in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In addition, it was demonstrated that the maximal hypotension caused by CV-11974 occurred much later than the blockade of the cardiovascular effects of angiotensin II. This temporal disparity may imply that in addition to inhibition of tonic vasoconstriction maintained by circulating and/or tissue renin angiotensin systems, other mechanisms may also be involved in the antihypertensive effect of CV-11974.",
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author = "Li, {Xiao C.} and Widdop, {Robert E.}",
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Regional hemodynamic effects of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious renal hypertensive rats. / Li, Xiao C.; Widdop, Robert E.

In: Hypertension, Vol. 26, No. 6 I, 01.01.1995, p. 989-997.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regional hemodynamic effects of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious renal hypertensive rats

AU - Li, Xiao C.

AU - Widdop, Robert E.

PY - 1995/1/1

Y1 - 1995/1/1

N2 - Angiotensin II subtype 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists reduce mean arterial pressure in various experimental models of hypertension, including two- kidney, one clip (2K1C) renal hypertension. However, the regional hemodynamic mechanisms underlying the hypotensive effect of AT1 receptor antagonists in 2K1C rats under dynamic conditions have not been documented. Therefore, in the present study we determined the hemodynamic profile of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious 2K1C rats and sham-operated control rats. Approximately 4 weeks after clipping, rats underwent a further two-stage operation for implantation of Doppler flow probes on the contralateral (left) renal artery, superior mesenteric artery, and distal aorta as well as for the implantation of intravascular catheters. At least 24 hours after the last operation continuous recordings were made of mean arterial pressure; heart rate; and renal, mesenteric, and hindquarters flows and conductances (Doppler shift/mean arterial pressure) in response to three doses of CV-11974 (0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 mg/kg IV). CV-11974 caused a small hypotensive effect (decrease of approximately 15 mm Hg) in the sham group, but regional flows and vascular conductances did not change. By contrast, in 2K1C rats CV-11974 caused dose- dependent hypotension that was maximal (-19±6, -41±4, and -51±8 mm Hg, respectively) after 6 hours. These changes were associated with generalized vasodilatation (increased conductance) in all three vascular beds, although there were subtle differences with the different CV-11974 doses. The lowest dose of this compound tested (0.01 mg/kg, n=7) caused transient vasodilatation, and the intermediate dose (0.1 mg/kg, n=8) caused maximal vasodilatation in the mesenteric and hindquarters, circulations (approximately 50% increase in conductances). A 10-fold higher dose of CV- 11974 (1.0 mg/kg, n=7) produced sustained, hyperemic renal vasodilatation (approximately 30% and 70% increases in renal flow and conductance, respectively) in addition to mesenteric and hindquarters vasodilatation. Thus, CV-11974-induced hypotension was accompanied by widespread vasodilatation, although this was dose dependently only in the renal vascular bed. This study illustrates that AT1 receptor blockade causes vasodilatation in both renal and nonrenal circulations in 2K1C hypertension, contrasting with the relatively selective renal vasodilatation observed previously in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In addition, it was demonstrated that the maximal hypotension caused by CV-11974 occurred much later than the blockade of the cardiovascular effects of angiotensin II. This temporal disparity may imply that in addition to inhibition of tonic vasoconstriction maintained by circulating and/or tissue renin angiotensin systems, other mechanisms may also be involved in the antihypertensive effect of CV-11974.

AB - Angiotensin II subtype 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists reduce mean arterial pressure in various experimental models of hypertension, including two- kidney, one clip (2K1C) renal hypertension. However, the regional hemodynamic mechanisms underlying the hypotensive effect of AT1 receptor antagonists in 2K1C rats under dynamic conditions have not been documented. Therefore, in the present study we determined the hemodynamic profile of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious 2K1C rats and sham-operated control rats. Approximately 4 weeks after clipping, rats underwent a further two-stage operation for implantation of Doppler flow probes on the contralateral (left) renal artery, superior mesenteric artery, and distal aorta as well as for the implantation of intravascular catheters. At least 24 hours after the last operation continuous recordings were made of mean arterial pressure; heart rate; and renal, mesenteric, and hindquarters flows and conductances (Doppler shift/mean arterial pressure) in response to three doses of CV-11974 (0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 mg/kg IV). CV-11974 caused a small hypotensive effect (decrease of approximately 15 mm Hg) in the sham group, but regional flows and vascular conductances did not change. By contrast, in 2K1C rats CV-11974 caused dose- dependent hypotension that was maximal (-19±6, -41±4, and -51±8 mm Hg, respectively) after 6 hours. These changes were associated with generalized vasodilatation (increased conductance) in all three vascular beds, although there were subtle differences with the different CV-11974 doses. The lowest dose of this compound tested (0.01 mg/kg, n=7) caused transient vasodilatation, and the intermediate dose (0.1 mg/kg, n=8) caused maximal vasodilatation in the mesenteric and hindquarters, circulations (approximately 50% increase in conductances). A 10-fold higher dose of CV- 11974 (1.0 mg/kg, n=7) produced sustained, hyperemic renal vasodilatation (approximately 30% and 70% increases in renal flow and conductance, respectively) in addition to mesenteric and hindquarters vasodilatation. Thus, CV-11974-induced hypotension was accompanied by widespread vasodilatation, although this was dose dependently only in the renal vascular bed. This study illustrates that AT1 receptor blockade causes vasodilatation in both renal and nonrenal circulations in 2K1C hypertension, contrasting with the relatively selective renal vasodilatation observed previously in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In addition, it was demonstrated that the maximal hypotension caused by CV-11974 occurred much later than the blockade of the cardiovascular effects of angiotensin II. This temporal disparity may imply that in addition to inhibition of tonic vasoconstriction maintained by circulating and/or tissue renin angiotensin systems, other mechanisms may also be involved in the antihypertensive effect of CV-11974.

KW - angiotensin II

KW - CV-11974

KW - hemodynamics

KW - hypertension, renal

KW - receptors, angiotensin

KW - vasodilation

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DO - 10.1161/01.HYP.26.6.989

M3 - Article

VL - 26

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EP - 997

JO - Hypertension

JF - Hypertension

SN - 0194-911X

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