Reforming the taxonomy in disorders of consciousness

Tim Bayne, Jakob Hohwy, Adrian M. Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the serious shortcomings that characterize the current taxonomy of postcomatose disorders of consciousness (DoC), and it provides guidelines for how an improved DoC taxonomy might be developed. In particular, it is argued that behavioral criteria for the application of DoC categories should be supplemented with brain-based criteria (eg, information derived from electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging), and that the categorical framework that currently characterizes DoC should be replaced by a multidimensional framework that better captures the performance of patients across a range of cognitive and behavioural tasks. Ann Neurol 2017;82:866–872.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)866-872
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Neurology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

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