Reflecting on water and sanitation infrastructure: a toolkit for WASH practitioners on gender and socially inclusive participatory design approaches in urban informal settlements

Dasha Moschonas, Becky Batagol, Michaela F. Prescott, Sudirman Nasir, Robyn G. Mansfield, Ina Rahlina, Sheela Sinharoy, Litea Meo-Sewabu, Audra Bass, Isabel Charles, Hamdan Habsji, Adrianto Hidayat, Noor Ilhamsyah, Ihsan Latief, Liza Marzaman, Nur Intan Putri, Allison Salinger, Syaidah Syamsul, Iliesa Wise, Savitri SoegijokoIsoa Vakarewa, Alexander Wilson, Naomi Francis

Research output: Other contributionOther


This toolkit is designed to provide program implementers of water and sanitation infrastructure projects in informal settlements with guidance to enable the inclusive participatory design of improved, sustainable water and sanitation infrastructure in urban areas. This toolkit is primarily for Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) practitioners, particularly those working in the context of urban informal settlements.

Throughout the toolkit, an important focus is on co-learning: mutual knowledge exchange between local residents and those responsible for delivering infrastructure projects, to ensure that diverse individuals' voices are incorporated in the design process. The toolkit also emphasises reflective practice: the systematic, analytical reflection on one's own position and beliefs as a professional that are the starting point for meaningful co-design processes.

This toolkit is an output of research into practices in a specific context: the Revitalising Informal Settlements and their Environments (RISE) program. RISE is a transdisciplinary action research program that is trialling decentralised water and sanitation infrastructure solutions in informal settlements in Makassar, Indonesia and Suva, Fiji. It is important to acknowledge that this toolkit is shaped primarily by research and experiences within the RISE context. Those working in water and sanitation infrastructure in urban informal settlements can use it in other countries as well, and not only for decentralised infrastructure systems.

This toolkit consists of three components: this booklet, which has tools organised in four categories - Understanding context; Water and sanitation infrastructure; Design process; Team composition and dynamics - as well as a card deck with discussion prompts, and the online library. The toolkit can be used flexibly, based on the needs of the user.
Original languageEnglish
TypeA toolkit for WASH practitioners on gender and socially inclusive participatory design approaches in urban informal settlements
Media of outputonline
PublisherMonash University
Number of pages72
Place of PublicationMelbourne Vic Australia
ISBN (Electronic)9780646860879
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022


  • design
  • gender and social inclusion
  • informal settlements
  • Indonesia
  • Fiji
  • gender
  • disability
  • SDG 5
  • SDG 4
  • SDG 6
  • SDG 10
  • SDG 11
  • WASH
  • water and sanitation infrastructure
  • water infrastructure
  • water
  • urban
  • Urban planning
  • participatory design
  • Community Engagement
  • co-design
  • Gender Equality
  • Asian studies
  • Pacific
  • sustainability
  • climate change
  • water policy
  • reflective practice
  • Marginalisation
  • Water sanitation and hygiene
  • Architecture
  • slums

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