An influential model of spatial memory-the so-called reference systems account-proposes that relationships between objects are biased by salient axes ( frames of reference ) provided by environmental cues, such as the geometry of a room. In this study, we sought to examine the extent to which a salient environmental feature influences the formation of spatial memories when learning occurs via a single, static viewpoint and via active navigation, where information has to be integrated across multiple viewpoints. In our study, participants learned the spatial layout of an object array that was arranged with respect to a prominent environmental feature within a virtual arena. Location memory was tested using judgments of relative direction.
Chan, E., Baumann, O., Bellgrove, M. A., & Mattingley, J. B. (2013). Reference frames in allocentric representations are invariant across static and active encoding. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(art. no. 565), 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00565