Thymine hydroperoxide (5-hydroperoxymethyluracil), a model compound representing products of oxidative damage to DNA, is a substrate for glutathione peroxidase and some isoforms of glutathione transferase. In this paper, we show that selenium-dependent human phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (Se-PHGPx) exhibits about four orders of magnitude higher activity on thymine hydroperoxide than that of other human enzymes such as selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase and various representatives of glutathione transferases. The results indicate that Se-PHGPx may be an important enzyme in repairing oxidatively damaged DNA.
- Glutathione peroxidase
- Glutathione transferase
- Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase
- Thymine hydroperoxide