Reducing Uncertainties in the Production of the Gamma-emitting Nuclei 26Al, 44Ti, and 60Fe in Core-collapse Supernovae by Using Effective Helium Burning Rates

Sam M Austin, Christopher West, Alexander Heger

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12 Citations (Scopus)


We have used effective reaction rates (ERRs) for the helium burning reactions to predict the yield of the gamma-emitting nuclei 26Al, 44Ti, and 60Fe in core-collapse supernovae (SNe). The variations in the predicted yields for values of the reaction rates allowed by the ERR are much smaller than obtained previously, and smaller than other uncertainties. A "filter" for SN nucleosynthesis yields based on pre-SN structure was used to estimate the effect of failed SNe on the initial mass function averaged yields; this substantially reduced the yields of all these isotopes, but the predicted yield ratio 60Fe/26Al was little affected. The robustness of this ratio is promising for comparison with data, but it is larger than observed in nature; possible causes for this discrepancy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL9
Number of pages4
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2017


  • galaxies: nuclei
  • Galaxy: abundances
  • nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances

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