Reducing social inequalities in health: the role of simulation modelling in chronic disease epidemiology to evaluate the impact of population health interventions

Brendan T Smith, Peter Matthew Smith, Sam Harper, Douglas G Manuel, Cameron Mustard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reducing health inequalities has become a major public health priority internationally. However, how best to achieve this goal is not well understood. Population health intervention research has the potential to address some of this knowledge gap. This review argues that simulation studies can produce unique evidence to build the population health intervention research evidence base on reducing social inequalities in health. To this effect, the advantages of using simulation models over other population health intervention research methods are discussed. Key questions regarding the potential challenges of developing simulation models to investigate population health intervention research on reducing social inequalities in health and the types of population health intervention research questions that can be answered using this methodology are reviewed. We use the example of social inequalities in coronary heart disease to illustrate how simulation models can elucidate the effectiveness of a number of what-if counterfactual population health interventions on reducing social inequalities in coronary heart disease. Simulation models are a flexible, cost-effective, evidencebased research method with the capacity to inform public health policy-makers regarding the implementation of population health interventions to reduce social inequalities in health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384 - 389
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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