Reducing false discoveries in resting-state functional connectivity using short channel correction: an fNIRS study

Ishara Paranawithana, Darren Mao, Yan Wong, Colette M. McKay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Significance: Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a neuroimaging tool that can measure resting-state functional connectivity; however, non-neuronal components present in fNIRS signals introduce false discoveries in connectivity, which can impact interpretation of functional networks.

Aim: We investigated the effect of short channel correction on resting-state connectivity by removing non-neuronal signals from fNIRS long channel data. We hypothesized that false discoveries in connectivity can be reduced, hence improving the discriminability of functional networks of known, different connectivity strengths.

Approach: A principal component analysis-based short channel correction technique was applied to resting-state data of 10 healthy adult subjects. Connectivity was analyzed using magnitude-squared coherence of channel pairs in connectivity groups of homologous and control brain regions, which are known to differ in connectivity.

Results: By removing non-neuronal components using short channel correction, significant reduction of coherence was observed for oxy-hemoglobin concentration changes in frequency bands associated with resting-state connectivity that overlap with the Mayer wave frequencies. The results showed that short channel correction reduced spurious correlations in connectivity measures and improved the discriminability between homologous and control groups.

Conclusions: Resting-state functional connectivity analysis with short channel correction performs better than without correction in its ability to distinguish functional networks with distinct connectivity characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number015001
Number of pages18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2022

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