Reducing falls in older adults recently discharged from hospital: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Chiara Naseri, Terry Haines, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Steven McPhail, Meg E Morris, Leon Flicker, Julie Netto, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Den-Ching Angel Lee, Ronald Shorr, Anne-Marie Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background
older adults are known to have increased falls rates and functional decline following hospital discharge, with substantial economic healthcare costs. This systematic review aimed to synthesise the evidence for effective falls prevention interventions in older adults recently discharged from hospital.

Methods
literature searches of six databases of quantitative studies conducted from 1990 to June 2017, reporting falls outcomes of falls prevention interventions for community-dwelling older adults discharged from hospital were included. Study quality was assessed using a standardised JBI critical appraisal tool (MAStARI) and data pooled using Rev-Man Review Manager®

Results
sixteen studies (total sample size N = 3,290, from eight countries, mean age 77) comprising 12 interventions met inclusion criteria. We found home hazard modification interventions delivered to those with a previous falls history (1 study), was effective in reducing the number of falls (RR 0.63, 95%CI 0.43, 0.93, Low GRADE evidence). Home exercise interventions (3 studies) significantly increased the proportion of fallers (OR 1.74, 95%CI 1.17, 2.60, Moderate GRADE evidence), and did not significantly reduce falls rate (RR 1.27, 95%CI 0.99, 1.62, Very Low GRADE evidence) or falls injury rate (RR 1.16, 95%CI, 0.83,1.63, Low GRADE evidence). Nutritional supplementation for malnourished older adults (1 study) significantly reduced the proportion of fallers (HR 0.41, 95% CI 0.19, 0.86, Low GRADE evidence).

Conclusion
the recommended falls prevention interventions for older adults recently discharged from hospital are to provide home hazard minimisation particularly if they have a recent previous falls history and consider nutritional supplementation if they are malnourished.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-519
Number of pages8
JournalAge and Ageing
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • After hospital discharge
  • Falls outcomes
  • Falls prevention interventions
  • Older people
  • Systematic review

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