Background:The angiotensin type-2 receptor (AT2R) opposes the vasoconstrictor actions of angiotensin II (AngII) mediated through the angiotensin type-1 receptor (AT1R). Renal AT2R levels are high during fetal life, but decrease significantly during postnatal maturation. To provide insight into the functional role of the AT2R in the kidney during postnatal development, we investigated the effects of AT2R antagonism on cardiovascular responses to AngII in young and adult male rats.Methods:In anesthetized 3- and 6-wk-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and renal blood flow (RBF) were measured in response to AngII in the presence of vehicle treatment or AT2R blockade with PD123319.Results:The pressor effect of AngII and associated reduction in RBF were significantly less in 3-wk- than 6-wk-old rats. AT2R blockade potentiated the reduction in RBF in response to AngII in 3-wk-old rats only.Conclusion:In young rats, the AT2R modulates the response to AngII, blunting renal vasoconstriction. This effect is attenuated with age in association with a developmental reduction in renal AT2R expression. These findings may have implications for the development of novel therapies that target the renin-angiotensin system for the improvement of renal function in term and, in particular, preterm infants.Pediatric Research (2014); doi:10.1038/pr.2014.121.