Redox signaling: potential arbitrator of autophagy and apoptosis in therapeutic response

Lu Zhang, Kui Wang, Yunlong Lei, Qifu Li, Edouard C Nice, Canhua Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Redox signaling plays important roles in the regulation of cell death and survival in response to cancer therapy. Autophagy and apoptosis are discrete cellular processes mediated by distinct groups of regulatory and executioner molecules, and both are thought to be cellular responses to various stress conditions including oxidative stress, therefore controlling cell fate. Basic levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may function as signals to promote cell proliferation and survival, whereas increase of ROS can induce autophagy and apoptosis by damaging cellular components. Growing evidence in recent years argues for ROS that below detrimental levels acting as intracellular signal transducers that regulate autophagy and apoptosis. ROS-regulated autophagy and apoptosis can cross-talk with each other. However, how redox signaling determines different cell fates by regulating autophagy and apoptosis remains unclear. In this review, we will focus on understanding the delicate molecular mechanism by which autophagy and apoptosis are finely orchestrated by redox signaling and discuss how this understanding can be used to develop strategies for the treatment of cancer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452 - 465
Number of pages14
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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