Red Cell and Platelet Concentrates from Blood Collected into Half‐Strength Citrate Anticoagulant: Improved Maintenance of Red Cell 2,3‐Diphosphoglycerate in Half‐Citrate Red Cells

A. Farrugia, S. Douglas, J. James, G. Whyte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study confirms previous work suggesting equivalent in vitro properties in blood components prepared from donations collected into half‐citrate preservative (HCPD) compared to components derived from donations collected into standard citrate‐phosphate‐dextrose (CPD) preservatives. In addition, red cell products harvested from HCPD donations showed significantly improved maintenance of pH over storage, and this was reflected in improved maintenance of intracellular 2,3‐diphosphoglycerate (2,3‐DPG). This effect was observed in whole blood and in red cells suspended in a phosphate‐containing additive solution (Tuta AAS). Collection into HCPD also improved 2,3‐DPG maintenance in red cell concentrates processed following an 18‐hour hold at 22°C. These improvements were less pronounced in red cells suspended in a non‐phosphate‐containing medium (Fenwal Adsol) in which a higher pH was maintained even in units collected in CPD. Platelets harvested from HCPD blood and suspended in plasma showed equivalent quality to platelets from standard donations. Some deterioration of platelet properties was observed when HCPD platelets were stored in a non‐citrate synthetic medium. Together with data indicating improved coagulation factor stability, these results suggest that collection into HCPD improves stored blood quality and may also allow logistical benefits in blood component preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalVox Sanguinis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes

Cite this