Reconciling abnormalities of brain network structure and function in schizophrenia

Alex Fornito, Edward T Bullmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Schizophrenia is widely regarded as a disorder of abnormal brain connectivity. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggests that patients show robust reductions of structural connectivity. However, corresponding changes in functional connectivity do not always follow, with increased functional connectivity being reported in many cases. Here, we consider different methodological and mechanistic accounts that might reconcile these apparently contradictory findings and argue that increased functional connectivity in schizophrenia likely represents a pathophysiological dysregulation of brain activity arising from abnormal neurodevelopmental wiring of structural connections linking putative hub regions of association cortex to other brain areas. Elucidating the pathophysiological significance of connectivity abnormalities in schizophrenia will be contingent on better understanding how network structure shapes and constrains function
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Neurobiology
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

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