Reconceptualizing sanctions

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This article is an attempt to extricate sanction analysis from its criminological context and to focus on the sanction as an independent realm of knowledge. A framework for the study of sanctions based on power relations is suggested which has three major aspects: first, sanction form, of which seven types are identified (physical, economic, social, informational, political, privacy, and legal); second, sanction mode (postulated as either positive or negative); and third, arena of deployment, being either public or private. The advantages of this type of analysis over other sanction taxonomies are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-255
Number of pages33
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 1987

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