Recognition of vitamin B metabolites by mucosal-associated invariant T cells

Onisha Patel, Lars Kjer-Nielsen, Jerome Le Nours, Sidonia B G Eckle, Richard William Birkinshaw, Travis Clarke Beddoe, Alexandra Corbett, Ligong Liu, John J Miles, Bronwyn Meehan, Rangsima Reantragoon, Maria Sandoval, Lucy Catherine Sullivan, Andrew Brooks, Zhenjun Chen, David P Fairlie, James McCluskey, Jamie Rossjohn

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181 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mucosal-associated invariant T-cell antigen receptor (MAIT TCR) recognizes MR1 presenting vitamin B metabolites. Here we describe the structures of a human MAIT TCR in complex with human MR1 presenting a non-stimulatory ligand derived from folic acid and an agonist ligand derived from a riboflavin metabolite. For both vitamin B antigens, the MAIT TCR docks in a conserved manner above MR1, thus acting as an innate-like pattern recognition receptor. The invariant MAIT TCR alpha-chain usage is attributable to MR1-mediated interactions that prise open the MR1 cleft to allow contact with the vitamin B metabolite. Although the non-stimulatory antigen does not contact the MAIT TCR, the stimulatory antigen does. This results in a higher affinity of the MAIT TCR for a stimulatory antigen in comparison with a non-stimulatory antigen. We formally demonstrate a structural basis for MAIT TCR recognition of vitamin B metabolites, while illuminating how TCRs recognize microbial metabolic signatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 9
Number of pages9
JournalNature Communications
Volume4
Issue numberArticle # 2142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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