Recent progress in developing advanced membranes for emulsified oil/water separation

Yuzhang Zhu, Dong Wang, Lei Jiang, Jian Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

315 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The separation of oily wastewater, especially emulsified oil/water mixtures, is a worldwide challenge because of the large amount of oily wastewater produced in many industrial processes and daily life. For the treatment of oily wastewater, membrane technology is considered the most efficient method because of its high separation efficiency and relatively simple operational process. In this short review, the recent development of advanced filtration membranes for emulsified oil/water mixture separation is presented. We provide an overview on both traditional filtration membranes, including polymer-dominated and ceramic-based filtration membranes, and recently developed nanomaterial-based functional filtration membranes, especially one-dimensional nanomaterials, for effectively treating emulsified oil/water mixtures. The liquid flux and antifouling property, which are the most important factors for membrane performance evaluation, are described for different types of membranes. Conclusions and perspectives concerning the future development of filtration membranes are also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere101
Number of pages11
JournalNPG Asia Materials
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antifouling
  • Filtration membrane
  • Hydrophilic modification
  • Nanomaterial-based membrane
  • Oil/water emulsion separation

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