Recent developments and highlights in biomarkers in allergic diseases and asthma

Ibon Eguíluz-Gracia, Tunn Ren Tay, Mark Hew, María Marta Escribese, Domingo Barber, Robyn E. O'Hehir, María José Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The potential of precision medicine in allergy and asthma has only started to be explored. A significant clarification in the pathophysiology of rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis, asthma, food allergy and drug hypersensitivity was made in the last decade. This improved understanding led to a better classification of the distinct phenotypes and to the discovery of new drugs such as biologicals, targeting phenotype-specific mechanisms. Nevertheless, many conditions remain poorly understood such as non-eosinophilic airway diseases or non-IgE–mediated food allergy. Moreover, there is a need to predict the response to specific therapies and the outcome of drug and food provocations. The identification of patients at risk of progression towards severity is also an unmet need in order to establish adequate preventive or therapeutic measures. The implementation of precision medicine in the clinical practice requires the identification of phenotype-specific markers measurable in biological matrices. To become useful, these biomarkers need to be quantifiable by reliable systems, and in samples obtained in an easy, rapid and cost-efficient way. In the last years, significant research resources have been put in the identification of valid biomarkers for asthma and allergic diseases. This review summarizes these recent advances with focus on the biomarkers with higher clinical applicability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2290-2305
Number of pages16
JournalAllergy
Volume73
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • asthma
  • biomarkers
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • drug hypersensitivity
  • food allergy

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